Transforming Drug Laws in the United States: From Retributive to Restorative Justice

 

Home Page

Photograph Source:
*Baldinger, David. Cooperation - Two Mules. Dec. 2006. Best wishes for a more peaceful and enlightened 2007. Peoples Geography. Dec. 2006. Wordpress.org. 14 Apr. 2009 <http://peoplesgeography.com/2006/12/>.

The Laws Page

Information Sources:
*American Civil Liberties
Union. Cracks in the System: 20 Years of the Unjust Federal Cocaine Law. New York, October 2006. 23      March 2009 <http://www.aclu.org/drugpolicy/sentencing/27181pub20061026.html>.
*"Congress should follow state's lead in reducing drug penalties." delawareonline 31 Mar. 2009. 6 Apr. 2009 <http://www.delawareonline.com/article/20090331/OPINION11/90330065/1004/OPINION>.
*"Drug Possession - Criminal Law." Criminal Law Center - Criminal Law. FindLaw. 6 Apr. 2009 <http://criminal.findlaw.com/crimes/a-z/drug_possession.html>.
*"Title 21 - Chapter 13: Subchapter I - Control and Enforcement." U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration. United States Department of Justice. 06 Apr. 2009 <http://www.usdoj.gov/dea/pubs/csa.html>.
*"United States Code - TITLE 21 - FOOD AND DRUGS - CHAPTER 13 - DRUG ABUSE PREVENTION AND CONTROL - SUBCHAPTER I - CONTROL AND ENFORCEMENT - PART D - OFFENSES AND PENALTIES - section 844a." FindLaw: Cases and Codes. 06 Apr. 2009 <http://caselaw.lp.findlaw.com/casecode/uscodes/21/chapters/13/subchapters/i/parts/d/sections/section_844a.html>.
Photograph Sources: http://www.everydaycitizen.com/2007/06/crack_vs_coke_justice_denied_i_1.html
Video Sources:

*"Illegal Drugs and How They Got That Way." The History Channel. 11 Feb 2006. 7 Apr 2009 < http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Lrd5xtyfjFw>.

Victims Page

Information Sources:
*American Civil Liberties Union. Cracks in the System: 20 Years of the Unjust Federal Cocaine Law. New York, October 2006. 23      March 2009 <http://www.aclu.org/drugpolicy/sentencing/27181pub20061026.html>.
*  American Civil Liberties Union. ACLU Renews Fight to Overturn Law That Denies Financial Aid to Students With Drug Convictions, 16 Apr 2007. http://www.aclu.org/drugpolicy/youth/29383prs20070416.html
*Fritz, Marie. "Race and Gender in the Department of Housing and Urban Development vs. Rucker." Paper presented at the annual  meeting of the MPSA Annual National Conference, Palmer House Hotel, Hilton, Chicago, IL, Apr 03, 2008. 2009-04-03 <http://www.allacademic.com//meta/p_mla_apa_research_citation/2/6/6/7/2/pages266725/p266725-1.php >.
Photo Sources:
*http://www.usdoj.gov/dea/photos/cocaine/crack_cocaine6.jpg 
*http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_UdYKR32U-Dg/SFsT7StGKnI/AAAAAAAAAwY/-_c_2PwSU3M/s400/elmo+crack.jpg 
*http://photos-f.ak.facebook.com/photos-ak-snc1/v260/16/110/197807016/n197807016_40851029_2289.jpg
Video Sources:
 
*Bigelsen, Jayne.  Personal interview.
3 Apr. 2009.
"Amy Winehouse takes a Bump of Cocaine at her Concert."17 Nov 2007. 7 Apr 2009 <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YSH6LKHPLyk>.
"Kate Moss Does a Couple of Lines."  10 March 2008. 7 Apr 2009 <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g_4U0wP1K1c.>.
"Crack Babies-USA." 17 Jan 2008. 7 Apr 2009 <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v6e5ethjp1o>.

Rockefeller Drug Laws Page

Information Sources:
*Liu, Irene J. "Paterson Once Arrested Over Rockefeller Drug Law Reform." Times Union 8 Jan. 2009. Capital Newspapers Division of The Hearst Corporation. 6 Apr. 2009 <http://blogs.timesunion.com/capitol/archives/10410/paterson-once-arrested-over-rockefeller-drug-law-reform>.
*Wilson, Aaron D. "Rockefeller Drug Laws Information Sheet." PRDI Home Page. 7 Aug. 2000. Partnership for Responsible Drug Information. 06 Apr. 2009 <http://www.prdi.org/rocklawfact.html>.
Photograph Sources:
Video Sources:

*Bigelsen, Jayne.  Personal interview. 3 Apr. 2009.
*'Drop the Rock': Fight to Repeal NY's Rockefeller Drug Laws. Prod. Brett Story. VideoNation. 27 Mar. 2009. 6 Apr. 2009 <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w8tNrUCd6kk>.
*Rockefeller Drug Laws: New Bill Could Change War on Drugs. Prod. Brian Stillman. New York Times. 23 Mar. 2009. 6 Apr. 2009 <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k1E8bTUbquM&eurl=http%3A%2F%2Fnews.google.com%2Fnews%3Fhl%3Den%26client%3Dfirefox-a%26rls%3Dorg.mozilla%3Aen-US%3Aofficial%26hs%3Dxjp%26q%3Drockefeller&feature=player_embedded>.

Transformation Page

Information Sources:Mosher, James F. and Yanagisako, Karen L. "Public Health, Not Social Warfare: A Public Health Approach to Illegal Drug Policy." Journal of Public Health Policy. 12.3 (1991): 278-323.                                                                 Benoit, Ellen. “Not Just A Matter of Criminal Justice: States, Institutions, and North American Drug Policy.”  Sociological Forum. 18.2. Jun 2003: 269- 294.                                                                                                       Chiriqui, Jamie F., Duane C McBride, Ybonne M Terry-McElrath, Jana Myllyluoma, Curtis J Vander Waal. “U.S. Public Health Agency Involvement in Youth-Focused Illicit Drug Policy, Planning, and Prevention at the Local Level, 1999-2003.” American Journal of Public Health. 98.2 (2008) 270-277.                                                          Papa, Anthony, Gabriel Sayegh. “Is it finally the moment for drug law reform?” Opinion. Newsday. 6 March 2009: A39.                 


Photograph Sources:
NA
Video Sources:

  *Bigelsen, Jayne.  Personal interview. 3 Apr. 2009.

Harm Reduction Page

Information Sources: http://www.drugpolicy.org/reducingharm/
Photograph Sources:  http://www.thebody.com/content/art32240.html
Video Sources: NA

The Current Administration Page

Information Sources:
*
http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2009/mar/16/drug-policy-obama-needle-exchange
*http://www.whitehouse.gov/the_press_office/weekly-address-president-barack-obama-announces-key-fda-appointments-and-tougher-food-safety-measures/
Photograph Sources:

* (Obama Picture) http://www.truthdig.com/report/item/20070122_madison_shockley_black_man_white_house/,
*(Kerlikowske Picture) http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2009/mar/16/drug-policy-obama-needle-exchange,
*(Hamberg Picture) http://traditionofexcellence.wordpress.com/2009/03/14/obama-announces-fda-picks-food-safety-measures/
Video Sources:
NA